"Mystery is always what attracts when it comes to facelessness," says Bogomir Doringer, artist and curator of FACELESS, a two-part exhibition showing at the MuseumsQuartier Wien in Vienna. The show explores the concepts and manifestations of recognition and anonymity in the media. "The fascination with facelessness comes from a combination of fear and sexuality,” says Doringer. “You might fear this person, but at the same time, you want to come closer to see what's under the mask." He’s got a point. Where fashion is concerned, at least, mystery almost always trumps reality. From Azzedine Alaia's so-called disappearance in the 90s, to Rei Kawakubo's famously press-shy demeanor or those now-iconic masks featured on the runways of Maison Martin Margiela, Gareth Pugh, and Junya Watanabe, fashion has perfected the controlled illusion. Maybe it's a backlash against self-promotion and Internet exhibitionism, or maybe it's just an attempt to let the clothing do the talking. Either way, facelessness is literally in fashion. We sat down with Doringer to talk about what’s behind the mask.
We live in a time when Facebook is very popular, it's become a part of everyday communication. It is also a question of how we can behave in our so-called democratic society. There's all these restrictions: you can't post this, you can't post that. It's not really so democratic as it seems. It's slowly creating this environment that is suffocating. Maybe this is a reaction to that. There's been a return of masks, especially in fashion. They are popular for protection, entertainment, revolt, beauty. It's all kind of leading to the same idea, and that's that we are, as a society, not satisfied.
I kind of grew up haunted by media images of beauty and models. Fashion had a very strong impact on me. I was really sick of these people promoting the same things. So for me, this exhibition is saying something about fashion back then, in my life. There was a big issue around the burka that started after 9/11 and it was actually inspiring me to make faceless artworks, and I noticed that there were other people who did the same.
Not showing faces is very seductive, and fashion is all about seduction. Masks on a model create that mystery, a titillating sort of presence that we all like. In a time when we see so many models's faces, masks let us imagine someone else - maybe ourselves? We are always wondering who is underneath.
No, not really. I think what is really important to remember is that it's about images, and the power of the amount of images. There may be images of masks in a Margiela show, but there are also images of a terrorist wearing a mask - they are interacting. Images are not controlled... once they are produced they live life on their own. The possibility of art is endless.
The fascination with facelessness comes from a combination of fear and sexuality. That's why it is so often used in horror movies - you fear someone, but at the same time, you want to come closer to see what's under the mask. Mystery is what always attracts when it comes to facelessness.
This would be a very apocalyptic time! Those kinds of scripts have often been suggested in science fiction or fantasy. I hope that we will not have to live in a time where everyone wears a mask.
For Part One, I selected artwork with a focus on surveillance and sexuality…How does surveillance, the burka, prostitutes, hooligans, mutants, and social networks come together...how one image melts in to another...I was creating a narrative, so I chose artwork that conveyed each idea or the understanding it.
Part Two will focus on presenting artists who are working with digital masks, or showing how digital art got integrated in a physical world. There will be a section on, for example, how to wear the right makeup to escape the security cameras. There will be pop-ups for selling accessories that protect your privacy. It will be kind of a "rebellion school."
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